On 23 August, Jaanus Samma’s solo exhibition Iron Men, curated by Krist Gruijthuijsen (KW Institute for Contemporary Art in Berlin), has been opened at the Contemporary Art Museum of Estonia (EKKM). In this project, Samma presents a suite of new works, which continue his exploration and analysis on national narratives and representations of power through masculinity.
Samma’s work is known for queering seemingly harmless subject matter on national representation through explorations on sexuality and the notion of the publicness. Often, the concept of folklore is a re-occurring theme in Samma’s work as a form of cultural circulation open to queer re-interpretation. By using traditional techniques, the artist navigates through various forms of communication, which at first seem innocent but on closer inspection present an array of gay and queer symbolism. Through archival research, he has found ways of broadening the socio-political perspectives on national and sexual identity by offering alternatives for contextualising the past.
The exhibition at EKKM follows Samma’s recent curation at the Estonian Museum of Applied Art and Design, in which he investigated the use of national patterns and motifs in Estonian applied art and printmaking between the 1930s and the 1950s. In this exhibition, Samma mainly explored how national iconography is connected to power and how it has shaped Estonians’ self-image. Iron Men focuses on several elements that were included in that show, in particular the depiction of the so-called hero, one that symbolises and embodies strength, masculinity, protection and conviction.
Without making a statement, the exhibition aims to connect several male protagonists who each have contributed to Estonia’s national pride, both in a mythological as well as political sense. Samma uses storytelling and forms of documentations to trace forgotten or overlooked histories in order to demasculinise the patriarchy.
The exhibition is divided into four sections. The first features a rug that the paramilitary youth organisation Home Daughters presented to Konstantin Päts, the first president of Estonia, in 1938 on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Republic of Estonia. The second section concentrates on Voldemar Päts’s publication entitled Estonian National Dress and Designs (1926), which had a significant influence on the output of many design studios and workshops in the 1920s and 1930s. Within the third section, the statue of Apollo takes centre stage, of which several copies appeared in Estonia in the years following the late 1880s. And finally, the last section queers the depiction of Kalevipoeg, a national symbol for the Estonian people.
With a light touch of irony, Iron Men playfully examines Estonia’s history and the men that are so proudly included in it.
Read the accompanying texts in the exhibition HERE.
Jaanus Samma (1982, Estonia) is a visual artist based in Tallinn. His body of work encompasses installations, photos and videos with topics grounded in gender and queer studies. His current fields of interest extend from history, ethnography and museology to narratives used at the intersection of the three. His recent exhibitions include: Still Lifes on National Motifs, Estonian Museum of Applied Art and Design (Tallinn, 2022); Otherness, Desire, the Vernacular with Carlos Motta, Temnikova & Kasela Gallery (Tallinn, 2021); Folklore, Robert Grunenberg (Berlin, 2021); Pattern, Monumental Gallery, Tartu Art House (Tartu, 2021); Outhouse by the Church, Nomas Foundation (Rome, 2018), NSFW. A Chairman’s Tale, Estonian Pavilion at the 56th Venice Biennale (2015).
Krist Gruijthuijsen (1980, Netherlands) is a curator and art critic and has been the director of KW Institute for Contemporary Art since 2016. Gruijthuijsen was artistic director of the Grazer Kunstverein (2012–2016) and course director of the MA Fine Arts Department at the Sandberg Instituut, Amsterdam (2011–2016). He is the co-founding director of the Kunstverein in Amsterdam (2009–2012).
|Place / venue
|Contemporary Art Museum of Estonia (EKKM)
|23. August – 15. October 2023
|Contemporary Art Museum of Estonia Estonia Jaanus Samma Krist Gruijthuijsen Taallinn